Museums in Rome: Discover the city’s rich culture and history
National Museum of Rome: This museum displays antiquities from between the 5th century BC and the 3rd century AD, and is located in several branches across the city including the Crypta Balbi, the Baths of Diocletian, the Palazzo Altemps and the Palazzo Massimo. There are coins, statues, frescoes, mosaics, jewelry, and other relics of ancient Rome on display.
Vatican Museums: Vatican City is home to several museums, displaying the large collection of works built up by the Roman Catholic Church. The Pinacoteca Vaticana is an art gallery that houses works by the likes of Raphael, Leonardo da Vinci and Caravaggio. The Vatican Historical Museum houses portraits of the Popes from the 16th Century onwards, items from the Papal Military Corps, plus a number of Popemobiles. There is also the Collection of Modern Religious Art and several sculpture museums.
National Gallery of Modern Art: Dedicated to modern and contemporary art, this gallery, in Via delle Belle Arti, houses the largest collection of works by 19th and 20th Century Italian artists including Giacomo Balla, Giorgio Morandi and Lucio Fontana. There are also works by foreign artists on display, including Cézanne, Degas, Kandinsky, Monet, Pollock and Van Gogh.
Galleria Borghese: Much of the Borghese collection of paintings, sculptures and antiquities is housed in the Villa Borghese, which was built by the architect Flaminio Ponzio. Works on show include several by Caravaggio (including Boy with a Basket of Fruit, St. Jerome, and Sick Bacchus), Titian’s Sacred and Profane Love, and Raphael’s Entombment of Christ.
Other notable museums in Rome include the National Etruscan Museum, in the Villa Giulia; the new MAXXI Museum of 21st Century art, and the Museum of Roman Civilization.